Students today have access to so much information that they need to weigh the reliability of sources.
Although you should use these citation formats in this and other biology courses, specific formats vary considerably for individual journals. If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the format of that journal.
|Types of Sources for a Research Paper | Pen and the Pad||What Is a Citation? In research and writing, a citation is a brief reference to a source of published information, providing sufficient bibliographic detail to enable the reader to locate a copy of the source if copies exist.|
|Types of Sources - Research Help - LibGuides at Merrimack College||Here are some fantastic resources and tips on how to use them to their fullest extent: Depending on the size of your school, you may have a subject area librarian for the particular type of research you are doing.|
That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature. A complete listing of citation formats for published materials may be found in Huth et al Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e. Provide a reference to the work as soon as possible after giving the information. Top of Page Standard Text Citation Formats There are exceptions among the various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples in red: Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly.
The reduction in phase three courtship behavior may also be linked to nutritional status Anon. Typically, only the last name of the author s and the year of publication are given,e.
Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there. Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles.
The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble.
For two author papers, give both authors' last names e. Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon.
If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: Driblickin Oobleck A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e.
Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e.
Theses and dissertatons should be cited as follows: A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska.
Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Anchorage.
WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review. When necessary, report the complete URL in the text including the site author's name: Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources:Publication Sources Should Also Be Considered when You’re Writing a Research Paper You should also consider where a source is published before using it in your paper.
Articles from peer-reviewed scholarly journals are excellent sources, for example, because these articles have been reviewed by other academics before publication.
Another reason why Wikipedia should not be cited in an academic research paper is that it aims to be like an encyclopedia–a source of reference information, not scholarly research or primary or secondary sources. There are three main ways to uses sources in your research paper.
You may quote. You may paraphrase. Or you may summarize. All three require an in-text (parenthetical) citation! Use bibliography software to help keep track of and cite sources. Several such programs are available, and can save a lot of time and energy. Consider taking a class on writing a research paper.
Use bibliography software to help keep track of and cite sources. Several such programs are available, and can save a lot of time and energy. Consider taking a class on writing a research paper.
It is frequently used as a source for academic research papers and news benjaminpohle.com consists of information on geography, society, government, economy, communication, transportation, military and security of all the countries in the world. PubMed. The entire process of writing a psychology research paper can be stressful for college students. Sometimes, just picking a topic can seem daunting! Once you settled on a subject, actually finding sources to document your ideas and support your claims can be just as difficult. Home > Research Support > Citing Sources. Citing Sources. APA. Also see print version. Chicago. Also see print version or online (Duke only) version. CSE. Also see print version. MLA. Also see print version. Turabian. Also see print or Kindle versions.
Citing sources Overview Search this Guide Search. Citing sources: Overview. It's important to cite sources you used in your research for several reasons: The best way to avoid plagiarism is to cite your sources - both within the body of your paper and in a bibliography of sources you used at the end of your paper.