This decision has supported an act that denies women the right to make decisions regarding their bodies.
Yet, numerous data and research gaps impede these efforts. This memo outlines major gaps in data and research on the sexual and reproductive behaviors of adolescents in developing regions, the health and economic consequences of those behaviors, service and information needs, and effective interventions.
Filling these gaps will require efforts that include basic data collection, in-depth research to increase understanding of adolescent behaviors and evaluations of interventions to enable decision-makers to scale up promising programs.
Documenting Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Behaviors Periodic household surveys, such as the Demographic and Health Surveys DHSprovide critical national and subnational information about a range of issues, including sexual activity, marriage, childbearing, contraceptive use and use of maternal health care.
However, the available data have gaps related to population coverage, reporting of sensitive behaviors and the substantive topics covered. Coverage gaps Sexual and reproductive health information is not uniformly available for all adolescents worldwide.
Excluded groups of adolescents in developing regions include the following: In many countries in Asia and Northern Africa, and in some francophone countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, unmarried women are either excluded from fertility and health surveys, or they are included but not asked questions related to sexual activity, contraceptive use and desired fertility.
Yet, studies in these regions show that some young unmarried women are sexually active and in need of sexual and reproductive health services. National fertility and health surveys that rely on household samples often miss some adolescents who live in vulnerable situations, such as refugees 6 and street youth.
Underreporting gaps Sexual and reproductive behaviors are generally self-reported, and are therefore subject to underreporting. This is especially true for stigmatized or illegal behaviors such as early and premarital sexual activity and induced abortion.
The proportion of adolescents who are sexually active may be underestimated because respondents may be reluctant to admit to having intercourse at young ages and outside of marriage. Accurate information about numbers of induced abortions and the conditions under which they are obtained is extremely limited, especially in countries with highly restrictive abortion laws.
The following are examples of topics for which our current knowledge is incomplete. Some sexual activity occurs in the context of human rights violations such as child marriage, coerced sex or sexual abuse, 14 yet many of these abuses remain undocumented.
Childbearing at early ages—before age 18 and especially before age 15—also often overlaps with truncated education and limited job prospects.
Researchers and program planners need a better understanding of the linkages between early marriage, sexual violence, low education and early childbearing to help inform interventions seeking to improve reproductive health outcomes. Very little global information is available on age differentials in maternal mortality and its causes 15—18 or in disability associated with pregnancy and childbearing.
Some of the estimation challenges apply to maternal mortality overall. But they also stem from the small numbers of pregnancies and births to very young adolescents and the difficulties untangling the effects of age from other disadvantages that young mothers face, including low socioeconomic status, the heightened risks of first births, and the lack of adequate antenatal and delivery care.
Estimates of the long-term economic impacts of adolescent childbearing for individuals, families and societies can be useful for policymakers assessing approaches to reducing poverty and inequality.
Interventions to reduce adolescent pregnancy and childbearing often do not recognize that the majority of adolescent births, even those to very young adolescents, are intended. More data and research are needed on the societal pressures that result in many adolescents wanting to become mothers at early ages.Grading Rubric: Reproductive Health Women’s Health: Chapter 8 and 9 Your essay will be 2 complete pages in your original thought.
Be aware that if your work is copied from another source, it is considered plagiarism and you will receive a zero. The Concept Of Reproductive Health Health And Social Care Essay. Development of a country is now marked by the ‘human development" which constitutes the formation of human capabilities such as improved health, knowledge and skills and the use of their acquired capabilities for productive purposes (Rout and Murthy, ).
The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of (Republic Act No. ), informally known as the Reproductive Health Law or RH Law, is a law in the Philippines, which guarantees universal access to methods on contraception, . Impacts of Health Reform on Women’s Reproductive Health Stephanie Bucher COMM/ January 10, Linda Camp In March of , the Affordable Care .
The chief intent of Reproductive Health Bill or RH Bill is to supply household be aftering particularly to the hapless households and safe preventives to the people. It besides helps forestall overpopulation which causes dearth and poorness in our state Philippines.
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