Believed by the Elizabethans to also be the day of Jesus' baptism, the Twelfth Night was an even more important holiday in Shakespeare's time than Christmas itself.
She has lost contact with her twin brother, Sebastian, whom she believes to be drowned and With the aid of the Captain, she disguises herself as a young man under the name Cesario, and enters the service of Duke Orsino. Duke Orsino has convinced himself that he is in love with Olivia, who is mourning the recent deaths of her father and brother.
She refuses to see entertainments, be in the company of men, or accept love or marriage proposals from anyone, the Duke included, until seven years have passed. Sir Toby famously retorts, "Dost thou think, because thou art virtuous, there shall be no more cakes and ale?
It asks Malvolio to wear yellow stockings cross-gartered, to be rude to the rest of the servants, and to smile constantly in the presence of Olivia.
Malvolio finds the letter and reacts in surprised delight. He starts acting out the contents of the letter to show Olivia his positive response. Olivia is shocked by the changes in Malvolio and agreeing that he seems mad, leaves him to be cared for by his tormentors.
Pretending that Malvolio is insane, they lock him up in a dark chamber. Feste visits him to mock his insanity, both disguised as a priest and as himself. At this point, Viola reveals her identity and is reunited with her twin brother.
The play ends in a declaration of marriage between Duke Orsino and Viola, and it is learned that Sir Toby has married Maria. Malvolio swears revenge on his tormentors and stalks off, but Orsino sends Fabian to placate him. Illyria was an ancient region of the Western Balkans whose coast the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea which is the only part of ancient Illyria which is relevant to the play covered from north to south the coasts of modern-day SloveniaCroatiaBosnia and HerzegovinaMontenegroand Albania.
It included the city-state of the Republic of Ragusa which has been proposed as the setting. The names of most of the characters are Italian but some of the comic characters have English names.
It is conjectured that the name of its male lead, Orsino, was suggested by Virginio Orsini, Duke of Braccianoan Italian nobleman who visited London in the winter of to It was originally a Catholic holiday and therefore, like other Christian feast days, an occasion for revelry.
Servants often dressed up as their masters, men as women and so forth. The actual Elizabethan festival of Twelfth Night would involve the antics of a Lord of Misrulewho before leaving his temporary position of authority, would call for entertainment, songs and mummery ; the play has been regarded as preserving this festive and traditional atmosphere of licensed disorder.
The play was not published until its inclusion in the First Folio in She does not, however, use her disguise to enable her to intervene directly in the plot unlike other Shakespearean heroines such as Rosalind in As You Like It and Portia in The Merchant of Veniceremaining someone who allows "Time" to untangle the plot.
As the very nature of Twelfth Night explores gender identity and sexual attraction, having a male actor play Viola enhanced the impression of androgyny and sexual ambiguity. V she asks her "Are you a comedian? He finishes by likening himself to "the old Vice" of English Morality plays.
The only record of the performance is an entry in the diary of the lawyer John Manninghamwho wrote: A good practice in it to make the steward believe his lady-widow was in love with him, by counterfeiting a letter as from his lady, in general terms telling him what she liked best in him and prescribing his gesture in smiling, his apparel, etc.
Act V, Scene i William Hamiltonc. Samuel Pepys thought it "a silly play", but saw it three times anyway during the period of his diary on 11 September6 Januaryand 20 January In an operatic version by Frederic Reynolds was staged, with music composed by Henry Bishop.In Twelfth Night, despite the festive spirit of the play, Shakespeare invites his audience to notice certain problematic aspects of the story.
The comic elements in this play include moments of. Jan 04, · Twelfth Night, or What You Will (the only one of Shakespeare’s plays to have an alternative title), is a fascinating mixture of comedy with tragic elements, the latter having gained stronger focus through the centuries.
The only source for William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night in print is the First Folio of It is known to have been performed early on in , though, so was probably written in Reviews: 7.
Comedy in William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night 'Twelfth Night' is the only one of Shakespeare's plays to have an alternative title: the play is actually called 'Twelfth Night', or 'What You Will'. "Twelfth Night" is usually considered to be a reference to Epiphany, or the twelfth night of the Christmas celebration.
On Malvolio From Wit, Humor and benjaminpohle.com Weiss. The humor in the play of Twelfth Night resides in the contriving to make one vice ridiculous by other vices which are also absurd.
Not one of the comic characters, taken separately, provides the peculiar element of humor. Malvolio’s supposed madness has allowed the gleeful Maria, Toby, and the rest to lock Malvolio into a small, dark room for his treatment, and they torment him at will. Feste dresses up as "Sir Topas," a priest, and pretends to examine Malvolio, declaring him definitely insane in spite of his protests.
In this sense, Malvolio's comeuppance is a bit like what happens to Christopher Sly in The Taming of the Shrew. Malvolio and Sly are both abused for the entertainment of others – including Shakespeare's audience, which finds itself in cahoots with the pranksters.