All figures and tables should be numbered and labelled. Each should have a very simple, descriptive caption explaining the figure or table. Any symbols or abbreviations used in the figure or table must be explained in the text.
Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This guide has been written to provide a general introduction to writing reports. It outlines the typical structure of a report and provides a step by step guide to producing reports that are clear and well structured.
What is a report? A report is written for a clear purpose and to a particular audience. Specific information and evidence are presented, analysed and applied to a particular problem or issue.
The information is presented in a clearly structured format making use of sections and headings so that the information is easy to locate and follow. When you are asked to write a report you will usually be given a report brief which provides you with instructions and guidelines.
The report brief may outline the purpose, audience and problem or issue that your report must address, together with any specific requirements for format or structure. This guide offers a general introduction to report writing; be sure also to take account of specific instructions provided by your department.
What makes a good report? Two of the reasons why reports are used as forms of written assessment are: An effective report presents and analyses facts and evidence that are relevant to the specific problem or issue of the report brief. All sources used should be acknowledged and referenced throughout, in accordance with the preferred method of your department.
The style of writing in a report is usually less discursive than in an essay, with a more direct and economic use of language. A well written report will demonstrate your ability to: The structure of a report The main features of a report are described below to provide a general guide.
These should be used in conjunction with the instructions or guidelines provided by your department. Title Page This should briefly but explicitly describe the purpose of the report if this is not obvious from the title of the work.
Other details you may include could be your name, the date and for whom the report is written. Geology of the country around Beacon Hill, Leicestershire Angus Taylor Example of a title page Terms of Reference Under this heading you could include a brief explanation of who will read the report audience why it was written purpose and how it was written methods.
It may be in the form of a subtitle or a single paragraph. Example of terms of reference Summary Abstract The summary should briefly describe the content of the report. It should cover the aims of the report, what was found and what, if any, action is called for. Remember that the summary is the first thing that is read.
It should provide the reader with a clear, helpful overview of the content of the report. Exposure of rocks belonging to the Charnian Supergroup late Precambrian were examined in the area around Beacon Hill, north Leicestershire.
This report aims to provide details of the stratigraphy at three sites - Copt Oak, Mount St.
Bernard Abbey and Oaks in Charnwood. It was observed that at each of these sites, the Charnian Supergroup consists mainly of volcaniclastic sediments air-fall and ash-flow tuffs interbedded with mudstones and siltstones.
These rocks show features that are characteristic of deposition in shallow water on the flanks of a volcano e. Further studies are required to understand depositional mechanisms and to evaluate the present-day thickness of individual rock units.General report.
Jump start your report with this attractive accessible template, with formatting already set up for you. Word.
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Adhere to a general report format, but customize the format to your needs. One option is to write the report as a kind of memorandum. In this case, you would begin by listing to whom the report is being sent and who is writing it before including a clear title.
Here's a format for a lab report to use. Lab reports are an essential part of all laboratory courses and a significant part of your grade. How to Write a Lab Report. List of criteria used to write a lab report, such as hypothesis, data table, conclusions. This template can serve as a guideline for any lab report.
Lab Report Template.
This report is created using Microsoft Word and laid out in a 3 columns layout. The far left part is an area where you can type the Title of your report and company name & address beneath it. You can use this 3 column layout to manipulate your report’s contents quite nicely.
Writing a News Report Created by: Dale Simnett and Darren Reed Formatted by R Fracchioni Reproduction of the material without authorization from authors, by any duplication process, is strictly prohibited.
Task: Write a news report based on the headline and picture below.