Artists such as Eduardo Paolozzi, the photographer Nigel Henderson, Richard and Terry Hamilton, David Hockney, and William Turnbull, showed their fascination with American mass culture, by integrating advertizing imagery, cutouts from American magazines, into their art. Because of their use of found imagery, the group, who met at the newly created ICA in London under the name the Independent Group, was often spoken of as forerunners of Pop Art. It is impossible today to imagine how exotic American popular culture with its imagery of abundance and display of the riches of its consumer society appeared to those artists. Very much part of the swinging 60s, their art exuded youth, humor and playfulness.
Augusto Pinochet takes power backed by the military junta. It would ultimately lead to decolonization of all its colonies, but leave power vacuums that led to civil war in newly independent Lusophone African nations.
Martial law declared — Attempted coup in Iran, backed by the United States, to overthrow the interim governmentwhich had come to power after the Iranian Revolution. The Munich massacre takes place at the Summer Olympics in MunichGermany, where Palestinians belonging to the terrorist group Black September organization kidnapped and murdered eleven Israeli athletes.
Rise in the use of terrorism by militant organizations across the world. Groups in Europe like the Red Brigades and the Baader-Meinhof Gang were responsible for a spate of bombings, kidnappings, and murders. Violence continued in Northern Ireland and the Middle East.
Radical American groups existed as well, such as the Weather Underground and the Symbionese Liberation Army, but they never achieved the size or strength of their European counterparts.
On September 6,the world witnessed the beginnings of modern rebellious fighting in what is today called as Skyjack Sunday.
Palestinian terrorists hijacked four airliners and took over people on board as hostage. The hostages were later released, but the planes were blown up. Americas Nixon displays the V-for-victory sign as he departs the White House after resigning United States President Richard Nixon resigned as President on August 9,while facing charges for impeachment for the Watergate scandal.
Pinochet would remain the dictator of Chile until Suriname was granted independence from the Netherlands on November 25, In Guyanathe Rev.
Jim Jones led several hundred people from the United States to establish a Utopian Marxist commune in the jungle named Jonestown. Amid allegations of corruption, mental and physical abuse by Jones on his followers, and denying them the right to leave Jonestown, a Congressional committee visited Guyana to investigate in November The demented Jones then ordered everyone in the commune to commit suicide.
The people drank, or were forced to drink, cyanide-laced fruit punch. A total of dead were found, including Jones, who had shot himself.
Margaret Thatcher and the Conservative party rose to power in the United Kingdom ininitiating a neoliberal economic policy of reducing government spending, weakening the power of trade unions, and promoting economic and trade liberalization.
Francisco Franco died after 39 years in power.
The dictatorship in Spain ended. The Socialist and Communist parties were legalised. The current Spanish Constitution was signed in InErich Honecker was chosen to lead East Germanya role he would fill for the whole of the s and s.
If East Germans had enough money to procure a television set, a telephone, or a Trabant automobile, they were placed on waiting lists which caused them to wait as much as a decade for the item in question.
The Soviet Union under the leadership of Leonid Brezhnevhaving the largest armed forces and largest stockpile of nuclear weapons in the world, pursued an agenda to lessen tensions with its rival superpowerthe United States, for most of the seventies.This “postwar” period, as it became known, shaped the world as we know it today; likewise, the period was shaped itself both by the war that had preceded it, and the powerful forces that surrounded it.
What Effect Did the Counterculture Have on Art & Fashion? What Effect Did the Counterculture Have on Art & Fashion? By Stacey Howell Today, counterculture is a term used to define any cultural movement with values and morals that are opposed to those of the established society.
During the s, in response to the Vietnam War, many . World Events During the s & 60s. The postwar baby boom dramatically increases birthrates in North America, Europe, Australia and Asia. There are million television sets in the U.S.
this year. By , there are 15 million – ten times as many in one year. A stalemate in the Korean Conflict begins to take shape. According to Eric Foner during the late s and early s in the United States, unlike during the Great Depression, economic distress inspired a critique of government rather than of business., T F.
Learn about the American economy during the s and s, including an exploration of the historical highlights that affected the economic climate.
The U.S. Economy of thes and s Search the site GO. Watch video · The s were one of the most tumultuous and divisive decades in world history, marked by the civil rights movement, the Vietnam War and antiwar protests, political .